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 Preparedness info1

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LarryWNY
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Posts : 375
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Join date : 2009-07-21

PostSubject: Preparedness info1   Wed Oct 28, 2009 3:21 pm

BASIC EMERGENCY SUPPLY LIST WITH EVACUATION AND MOBILIZATION GUIDELINES
This document will not be complete by anymeans, but will give you all an idea as to which items to have ready. I would highly recommend that friends and families combine their preparation efforts to decrease the money that will be expended, make it easier to defend their properties, prepare meals, and attend to the various other needs of the day so that you can remain alive. Someone that you know may possess some knowledge and skills and have the ability to accomplish things that you don’t have.

I make no guaranties to anyone who receives this information that they will survive the upcoming very dangerious times that we are about to face. We must prepare in the best way that we can, and trust in the Lord for our safety and survival.

If you have not already done so, I highly recommend that everyone read the book called: PATRIOTS Surviving the Coming Collapse by James Wesley, Rawles

BASIC TOOLS AND HANDYMAN ITEMS
ABC fire extinguisher; Axe; Bungee straps (variety of lengths); Chainsaw with spare chain, sparkplug and fuel/oil; Hand saws; Crowbars; Hand Drills with bits; Duct tape; Flashlight with spare bulbs and batteries; Pliers; Screwdrivers; Wrenches; Shovel; Pick; Mattock; Maul and wedge; Generator (diesel 5kw); Hatchet; Masking tape; Nails (assorted sizes); Screws (assorted sizes); Needles and thread; Pins; Post Hole Digger; Nylon Rope (100’); Scissors; Sledgehammer; Staple Gun and staples; Swiss Army Knife; Vice Grips; Twine or heavy string; Wire cutters; Wench and cable; Plastic spray bottles with pump handle in 2 gallon or larger size (can be used in decontamination and fighting small fires); Chains; Sewing awl; Plastic tarps; Plastic sheeting; Sharpening stones and files; Mouse and rat traps; Leather gloves; Garbage cans; Broom; Mop;

COOKING ITEMS
Aluminum foil; Boning knife; Bread Loaf Pans; Butcher Knife; Camp Stove with fuel; Manual can opener; Corkscrew; Dish cloths; Dutch Oven with lid; Grater; Grain Grinder; Hot Pad; Plates and cups; Coffee maker or Billy can; Mixing Bowls; Cooking utensils; Paring Knife; Plastic wrap; various plastic containers with lids; Sauce pans; Eating utensils; Skillets; Water Purification tablets and purification system; Ziplock Freezer and storage bags; Matches; Buckets; Liquid dish soap;

INFANT SUPPLIES
Baby clothes; Baby powder; Baby wash; Blankets; Bottles; Diapers; Diaper rash ointment; Formula; Lotion; Teething ring; Towelettes; Toys

LATRINE AND GENERAL HYGIENE
Surgical gloves; Camping potty; Disinfectant; Liquid bleach; Eye Dropper; Liquid detergent; Sponges; Steel wool pads; Toilet paper; Towelettes; Trashbags; Vinegar; Wash tub;

MISCELLANEOUS
Bible; Board games; Books; Wind-up clock; Hunting knife; Sharpening stone; Playing cards; Magnifying glass; Paper clips; Rubber bands; Safety Pins; Boot & shoe care kit; Eye glass repair kit; Spare eyeglasses; Candles; Calendar; Knitting; Crossword puzzles; Canning supplies; Cleaning Supplies; Clothes pins and line;

PERSONAL HYGIENE
After shave; Birth control; Body & Hand lotion; Comb; Brush; Cosmetics; Dental floss; Deodorant; Liquid soap; Bar soap; Panty liners; Perfume; Razors; Shampoo; Tampons/Sanitary napkins; Toothbrush; Toothpaste; Tweezers; Wash clothes & towels; Shaving cream; Nail clippers; Mouthwash;

MEDICAL SUPPLIES
Basic first aid book; Ace wraps; 2x2 dressings; 3x3 dressings; 4x4 dressings; 5x9 dressings; 18x36 dressings; Triangular bandages; Bandaids; Cold packs; Heat packs; Cotton balls; Q-tips; Dental floss; Epsom salts; Eyedropper; Medical tape; Surgical gloves; Insect repellent; Isopropyl Alcohol; Meat tenderizer; Moistened towelettes; Nail clipper; Razor blades; Safety pins; Scalpel; Scissors; Antibacterial liquid soap; Tongue depressors; Thermometer; Tweezers; Kling; Telfa pads; Eye pads; Moleskin; Hydrogen peroxide;

MEDICINES
Analgesic cream; Antacid; Antibiotic; Anti-diarrheal; Anti-fungal; Antihistamine; Antiseptic ointment; Hydrocortisone; Cold; Constipation; Cough syrup; Decongestant; Eye drops; Hemorrhoid relief; Ibuprofen; Itching, Insect/Rash; Itching; Lip Balm; Water soluble lubricant; Nasal decongestant; Nausea, Motion sickness; Tylenol; Pain, fever reducer; Pain reliever with codeine; Petroleum jelly; Poison Ivy relief; Poison absorber; Radiation protection; Sunburn relief; Sunblock; Sunscreen; Vomit inducer; Yeast infection treatment; Multi vitamins; Foot powder

FISHING SUPPLIES
Assorted dry flies; lead jigs in assorted colors; Lead-lined jigs assorted colors; Assorted hooks; Large safety pins; Assorted rubber worms; Rapella lure; Red & White dare devil; Gold spoon; Silver spoon; 3 way swivels; snap swivels; Assorted lead weights; Steel leader; Nylon leaders; Fishing line; Fishing poles and reels;

COMMUNICATIONS
Scanner; Shortwave radio; Ham radio; FRS/GMRS radio; AM/FM radio; Sideband CB; Deep cycle marine battery; 30 watt solar panel with charging system; AA batteries; AAA batteries; (both regular and rechargeable batteries)

CLOTHING AND BEDDING
4 complete sets of clothing and extra socks, t-shirts, underwear, bras for every member of the family. This includes outer clothing for spring, summer, fall and winter seasons. 2 complete changes of bedding to include wool blankets, comforters, quilts, flannel sheets, pillows. Sleeping bags; Leather gloves; Boots; Tennis shoes; Sandles; Shoe laces;

FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION
Rifle – should be semiauto, but of a common caliber such as .308, 30-06, 30-30, .223
Pistol – same here, be semiauto, but of a common caliber such as 9mm, .40S&W, .45ACP. Or if you must have a revolver .38SPL, .357Mag.
Shotgun – any guage, but 12 or 16 is preferred.

Ammo: maintain a supply of at least 5,000 rounds for each firearm that you have. If you have a .22, then I would recommend 10,000 rounds on hand.

Weapons cleaning supplies

WATER SUPPLY
Water is the most essential resource everyone must have. Without it, you can die in 3 – 5 days. If it’s contaminated it can cause many deadly diseases such as diarrhea, cholera, dysentery, etc. During a disaster water from public utilities may be contaminated or unavailable. You must be prepared to decontaminate whatever water source is on hand. Furthermore you must be able to store adequate supplies of water for drinking, cooking and washing. Many books claim 1-2 gallons per person per day is adequate; but, 5 gallons per person per day is more realistic.

STORAGE
The best solution to your water supply needs is a well or spring that has been tested. If that isn’t available you should build a large cistern. If a well is over 25 feet deep a hand pump will not work, so you might need to consider a solar powered pump. If the cistern is built high enough it will provide enough pressure to “gravity flow” into your homes existing plumbing.

DECONTAMINATION
Every home water supply should include a filtration system designed to remove chemicals, sediment etc. Water can be decontaminated by boiling for 5 minutes. This will kill all bacteria, viruses or parasites that may be present from animal or human waste. Add 1 minute for every 1000 feet above sea level.

Iodine will also work, but isn’t as effective as boiling; especially if the water is cloudy. One ounce of 2% tincture iodine is enough to treat 160 gallons of water. Use 4 drops per quart for clear and 8 drops per quart for cloudy water. Let set for 1 hour. Do not use if you have thyroid problems or are pregnant.

Chlorine Bleach is next in order of effectiveness. It will not kill certain viruses such as Hepatitis A or certain parasites. Before using, be sure the bleach contains no other additives such as perfumes…it must be plain beach. Water treated with chlorine will store about 6 months. Use 2 drops per quart for clear water and 4 drops per quart for cloudy water and wait 1 hour before use.

FOOD STORAGE
Don’t try to purchase everything at once. Start out with a 15 day food supply for all family membrs; then work up to 30 days, 90 days, etc. Every week, buy a little extra as your budget allows.

This list is merely a suggestion of the bare bones basics. Add to it or modify it to suit your needs and tastes. Store all items in food grade buckets, in a cool dry dark place, add bay leaves and a desiccant then seal bucket with duct tape.

ITEM SHELF LIFE
50 pounds dried beans Indefinite
50 pounds cornmeal Indefinite
50 pounds oats Indefinite
50 pounds sugar Indefinite
50 pounds salt Indefinite
50 pounds instant potatoes Indefinite
50 pounds rice Indefinite
25 pounds coffee Indefinite
5 pounds pepper Indefinite
5 pounds baking soda Indefinite
5 pounds baking powder Indefinite
5 pounds yeast Indefinite
5 pounds honey Indefinite
5 pounds peanut butter Indefinite
Tea Indefinite
60 packs of kool aid Indefinite
100 packs of ramon noodles, instant soup, etc Unknown
Beef and Chicken bullion cubes Unknown
Canned vegetables 2 - 3 years
Canned meat 2 - 3 years
Canned juice 2 - 3 years
1 gallon white vinegar Indefinite
1/2 gallon olive oil unknown
Washing
You can prevent illness by washing your hands often; before eating, after using the bathroom, after you change a diaper, and any other time you may need to freshen up. Because water is such a precious commodity during an emergency, you should remember to use purified drinking water first for drinking, cooking, washing dishes and then for other purposes. Be organized and choose a designated bathing area. If you wash in a river or stream use biodegradable soap and always be aware of others who may be down stream. With a little soap you can also wash yourself in the rain. Other washing alternatives include moist towelettes, a spray bottle, sanitizing lotions, or a wet washcloth. Be sure to wear shoes to prevent parasitic infections and to protect you from cuts and puncture wounds that can easily become infected.
Sanitation Area
Choosing the right location for your sanitation needs is as important as staying clean. Your waste place must be located downhill from any usable water source. It should also be a few hundred feet from any river, stream, or lake. It also helps to have your waste place downwind from your living area, and yet not too far from your camp that the distance discourages people from using it.
Makeshift Toilets
With a little preparation, you can have a decent emergency toilet. If you have a medium sized plastic bucket (5-6 gallon), lined with a heavy-duty garbage bag, you have a toilet. Make sure you have a lid to cover it. A plastic toilet seat can be purchased to fit on the bucket for a more comfortable seat. If you don’t have an extra plastic bucket available, you can make a latrine by digging a long trench approximately one foot wide and 12 to 18 inches deep and cover as you go. When you dig too deep a latrine it can retard the bacterial breakdown process. The long latrine approach is appropriate for large groups camping in one spot for a long period.
For those back country hikers, packing out all solid waste is always appropriate, and some authorities at high-use rivers usually require this process.
You can make a seat for your latrine by laying logs across the hole, leaving an area open for you to use. After use, cover the waste with small amounts of dirt to decrease the odor. A covered toilet reduces more of the odor than an open one. Make a toilet cover with wood or a large leaf. If the odor becomes unbearable, fill in the latrine completely with dirt and dig a new one. Build a new seat and burn the old wood that you used for the last toilet.
Getting Rid of Refuse
If you cannot dispose of refuse properly you should always bury biodegradable garbage and human waste to avoid the spread of disease by rats and insects. Dig a pit 12 to 18 inches deep and at least 50 feet but preferably 200 plus feet downhill and away from any well, spring, or water supply. Fill the pit with the refuse and cover with dirt.
Keeping Food Sanitary
All food scraps should be either burned or buried in a pit far from your living area to keep bears and other wild animals away from you. Keep all your food covered and off the ground. You may keep your food in a tree, but be sure tree dwelling creatures can’t get into it. Replace all lids on water bottles and other containers immediately after use. Do not wash your dishes in the area where you get your drinking water supply. Instead, wash your dishes away from a stream. Use clean plates or eat out of the original food containers to prevent the spread of germs. Wash and peel all fruits and vegetables before eating. Prepare only as much as will be eaten at each meal.
With a little knowledge and preparation, you can stay clean and healthy, even during an emergency situation.

Preserving Sanity in a Disaster Situation
Emotional needs during and after a disaster are sometimes as important as the physical needs. Everyone from victims to volunteers has emotional feelings in times of crisis. The Red Cross has been known to send psychologists to help people cope with the emotional distress and struggles that accompany a disaster.
A common suggestion is to "stay calm" when an emergency occurs. How can you remain calm when terrible things are happening all around you? When a disaster occurs and your personal belongings are destroyed, most people feel the need to blame someone or something. This reaction is an attempt to gain control of the situation by putting it into an understandable or familiar context. This blame is frequently put on authority figures, such as government officials, because survivors believe the officials could or should have prevented the loss.
When you find out how ill-prepared you are to cope with even minor disruptions in your daily life it can be disturbing. Small things such as the electricity going out or your water service stopping can cause mental stress to you and your family. Sometimes people have unrealistic expectations about how soon their city can get the electricity or water back on, and they can become angry at circumstances that are beyond their control.
It is important to be able to recognize and detect the signs of stress and/or shock during an emergency. Here are several warning signs that you may experience during emergency situations.
Physical signs: fatigue, upset stomach, shakiness, dizziness, heart palpitations, clamminess, disorientation, difficulty thinking, memory loss or loss of appetite.
Emotional signs: anxiety, grief, depression, irritability, feeling overwhelmed, thinking you or your loved ones will be harmed, nightmares or extreme fear.
What can you do now to prevent these symptoms and help yourself and your family to be mentally healthy during and after an emergency? You can start by preparing yourself mentally now, so that in the event of a disaster it will not be such a surprising and confusing event for your family. You can do this by having fire drills, earthquake drills, and discussing with your family the various emergencies that can occur in your area. When you are prepared, you are less likely to feel helpless and less likely to experience stress related disorders. You will remember what you discussed as a family and apply what you learned from those discussions and drills to help you overcome your situation.
Other things you can do now to help make a disaster less nerve-racking is to pack in your emergency kits items that you use in your everyday life. For your children, you should pack coloring books, crayons, stories, gum, candy, stuffed animals and other useful items. For adults, pack a good book, a brush, razors, soap, playing cards, hard candy, paper and pen, medication, toilet paper and sundry items. These items can provide relief for stress during the times you have to wait for your life to return to normal.
Other stress relieving items are desserts. You should pack gelatin desserts, just-add-water pudding, cake, muffin, and cookie mixes, candy bars, popcorn, dehydrated fruits and fruit drinks. These items may seem frivolous, but they can really make a difference in helping you feel more comfort and peace in an emergency.
Developing a positive attitude and learning coping and stress relieving methods will help you, not only in times of disaster, but throughout your life. So prepare now--it will be well worth the effort!

VEHICLE MOBILITY KIT
Basic On-Board Tool Kit
1/2" drive socket set, 7/16"-1" with "T" handle, 6" extension; spark plug socket; combination wrenches, 3/8"-1"; 6" adjustable wrench; 10" channellock pliers; linesman's pliers; hex key set; torx key set; 4-way lug wrench with breaker bar; tire and tube repair kit; air pressure guage; inflation pump; jumper cables; can starting fluid; ice scraper; siphon; regular gas adaptor; can radiator stop-leak; 2-gal water container; duct tape; electrical tape; safety flares; first aid kit; fire extinguisher; assorted screwdrivers, regular and crosstip; ball-peen hammer; 2+ lb short-handled hammer; 3/4" cold chisel; mini hacksaw with extra blades; continuity tester; jack knife; can wd-40; 5-ton hydraulic hand jack; high lift jack; foot square 3/4" plywood; come-along; nylon tow strap; 60" crowbar; tire chains; shovel; axe; bow saw; bolt cutters; nails, spikes; bailing wire; flashlight, spare batteries and bulbs; hand spotlight; extra motor oil; fix a flat; chainsaw; 5 gal fuel; antifreeze;

Basic On-Board Spare Parts
2 complete sets of belts; set of radiator and heater hoses; thermostat; radiator cap; water pump; assorted fuses; set spark plugs; distributor cap; point and condenser set; voltage regulator; fuel filter; fuel pump; oil filter; spare bulbs;

Spare Parts and Supplies Storage
complete set of belts; complete set of hoses; thermostat; radiator cap; water pump; fuel pump; 4 fuel filters; spare carburetor; 4 air cleaner filters; 2 sets windshield wipers; 5 oil filters; 60 qts motor oil; 4 sets spark plugs; distributor cap; 2 sets points and condensers; voltage regulator; generator or alternator with spare set of brushes; spare diode bridge for alternator; spare coil; spare starter brushes; set solid ignition cables; wheel bearing grease; 2-4 batteries; set battery cables; spare fuses; power steering fluid; 4-6 gallons coolant; 2 sets shocks; 2 sets of front wheel bearings, seals, cotter pins; spare headlights; other spare lights, bulbs; 2-4 sets of tires; tire and tube patching supplies; clutch plate, pressure plate and release bearings; friction plates, steel plate, rings, front and rear seals, complete gasket and rubber set; transmission fluid; spare brake master cylinder; wheel cylinder rebuilding kits; brake pads and linings; gal brake fluid; gal 10% denature alcohol

An evacuation may become necessary for many reasons; including natural or manmade disasters, civil unrest, terrorism, etc. If you wait until the last minute to evacuate; you will be caught up in the masses of panic striken sheep who don’t have a clue what to do. There may be rioting, looting and panic buying at the stores by the unprepared. Martial law will be declared with curfews, gas and food rationing, checkpoints and roadblocks. DO NOT get caught in this mess.

You must preplan for these events. You must have somewhere to retreat to set up in advance and must have a Primary route as well as 2 Secondary routes planned.

Always keep your gear packed and ready to go. Keep the gas tank full at all times and have at least a 5 gallon can in reserve. Every vehicle must be equipped with a mobility kit.

EVACUATION ROUTES
Prior reconnaissance is an absolute must. You will need maps of your Area of Operations. You need to plan out 3 routes in advace. The primary route should be the most direct possible. Avoid all interstates and major state highways. The alternate routes should be back roads as far off the beaten path as possible. When selecting a route; look for all choke points and possible ambush sites so that you won’t be surprised when the time comes. Look for out of the way sites to pre-deploy supplies along the way. Once you have selected your routes; drive them night and day under various conditions. You must familiarize yourself with these routes and come to know them like the back of your hand. You must know them well enough to drive them without lights.

OPSEC AND CONVOY OPERATIONS
The first step in preparing your evacuation plan is the predesignation of an initial rendezvous point. It should be centrally located and enroute to the designated area of operations. Try to pick a high elevation that will provide a degree of cover and concealment. If the route is over 30 miles long, or passes through several small towns, then you must set up intermediate rally points, using the same criteria as before.

Second, the Order of March: First in line will be the lightest and least capable vehicle, carrying the forward security element. If the first vehicle crosses obstacles unassisted, then the rest of the convoy should have no problem. Second in line is the heaviest and most capable vehicle carrying tow lines, winch, chain saw, axes and other vehicle recovery and road clearing equipment. In the event of a stuck vehicle or road block, this equipment will be used to clear it. The forward security element will position itself for rapid deployment in the event of an ambush during clearing operaions. Third and fourth vehicles in line will be the supply vehicles and support personnel. Last in line will be the rear security element in a heavy 4WD, carrying equipment to create roadblocks.

Third, ON the march, maintain maximum safe interval between vehicles. Don’t bunch up; particularly at obstacles or possible ambush points. Each vehicle should remain in sight and small arms range of the vehicle in front and behind it. Minimize exposure by maintaining the interval at temporary halts.

Fourth, Radio Communications must be maintained between vehicles. Use all COMMUNICATIONS SECURITY (COMSEC) measures including the alternate brevity code. Make no on the air references to road or place names, landmarks, etc. DO NOT engage in senseless chatter. Maintain radio silence as much as possible.

Fifth, Laager (disperse in a circle) all vehicles under camoflauge and concealment during any prolonged halt. Maintain light and noise discipline at all times. Both light and noise travel long distances at night in rural areas. Keep two sentries patrolling the circle in opposite directions so they can keep watch on the laager and each other. Rotate sentries every 4 hours.

_________________
DON'T TREAD ON ME! ....Hey Who Took My Duct Tape
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